Bee Kinds Assortment
From 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee range (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) ended up being swept up from inside the Calanques Government Park through one another online and you’ll pan pitfall show. It belonged to help you six families and you will 38 genera. Megachilidae are probably the extremely classes-steeped nearest and dearest, followed by Apidae and you may Halictidae, with 53, 44, and you may 43 groups, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply this new richest genus, that have 33 range, whenever you are eight genera was indeed depicted about one kinds (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk step 1 [on the internet only] ). Utilising the jackknife step 1 and you will 2 spiders, the fresh bee varieties fullness is actually projected becoming between ± 9.89 and you can ± . The seen richness for this reason portrayed 71.step 3 to help you 79.6% of
Environment Functions away from Bees
About your ecological services off nesting needs, we know 59 unmarried bee varieties nesting a lot more than flooring, 92 single bee diversity nesting below ground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic diversity, just like 31.seven, 47.nine, and you can several.0% of your own done bee diversity richness, respectively. We concept of five personal varieties (bumble bees and you will honey bees-dos.1%). Sooner, the new nesting preferences out of 14 range are still not familiar (eight.3%- Supp Table the first step [on the internet simply] ). Regarding your floral eating plan off bee kinds, i discovered that 105 brands (54.7%) foraged on the of a lot bush species (i.ages., generalist assortment, polylectic) and 51 varieties (twenty six.5%) foraged on one plant family relations if not that/couple plant variety (i.age., elite group kinds, oligolectic). With the left thirty-six bee range (18.8%), the fresh new floral diet plan wasn’t recognized (e.grams., that have cleptoparasitic types). not, extremely generalist variety demonstrated a desires for one otherwise several regarding bush group ( Supp Desk step one [online only] ). For the forty-two singletons, fourteen bee classes (28%) is gurus, and you can 9 bee kinds (18%) was in fact cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step one [on the web only] ).
A keen IUCN updates are plentiful getting 178 range (leaving out the latest classes structures and you will unidentified versions). By far the most, 47 items was categorized as the studies without (DD-twenty-six.4%), 124 varieties have been the absolute minimum concerned (LC-69.6%), half a dozen variety was close threatened (NT-3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you may L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another types is believed endangered (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table 1 [on the internet just] ). Around three oligolectic groups was basically one of many 7 endangered bee products. An excellent. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus is actually specialist into Fabaceae, D. argentata is simply a professional toward Caprifoliaceae.
Of 2009 to help you 2018, 38 types of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was basically trapped in to the Calanques National Park. It belonged to twenty-four genera ( Supp Table dos [on the internet just] ). The quintessential numerous genera was Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 individuals), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen people), and you may Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville in the Latreille, 1828 (13 individuals), while 20 sizes (53%) had been portrayed in the only one personal ( Supp Desk dos [on the web simply] ). The new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) had been portrayed of 20 species, in addition to five singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk 3 [on the web simply] ). The fresh estimate out-of full assortment fullness out-regarding hover flies and you may bee flies try anywhere between 83 and you can 97 categories utilising the jackknife step 1 and dos spiders, correspondingly. Consequently, this new seen richness illustrated 59.8–69.9% of one’s projected hover travel and you will bee fly fullness ( Desk dos).